Gardening

Mites


What are plant mites


Plant mites are arthropods, or invertebrate animals provided with four pairs of legs. Their dimensions are microscopic. Imagine that the maximum dimensions are just two millimeters, so they are hardly visible to the naked eye. They actually belong to Arachnids (Arachnida) and not to insects as they are forts of four pairs of legs instead of three. There are various types of mites that can parasitize animals or plants. Through their mouth appendages they create malformations on the leaves that damage the buds in an important way. The mites are both male and female and the latter lay eggs. The larvae quickly develop from the eggs, which often reach the adult mite's maturation instantaneously.

How to recognize mites



It is important to be able to recognize the presence of tetranichid mites, they are so small that it is difficult to distinguish them with the naked eye. However, there are different systems that allow us to identify them without a doubt. We will note, for example, that in the surface of the leaves yellowish stains or silver or bronze reflections are created. We will find in some cases a white spider web on the plant, this is not always found, it must be emphasized. An important test is that of the white sheet, through which, shaking the leaf, we should be able to verify their presence. The most common are the red spider mites, but there are mites of different colors, even white and yellow. It will certainly have happened to everyone to have noticed them exchanging them for common spiders.

Natural remedies for plant mites



How to eradicate these small and annoying little creatures? In the first place it is necessary to clean the leaves of the plants regularly. Just use a sponge soaked in water, or a spray. You can add a dish detergent or a mild soap to the water, Marseille soap is particularly suitable for this type of cleaning. Even a classic isopropyl alcohol works to eradicate this infestation. Also in this case, use a cloth to remove the mites. Spray the plants frequently with a classic garden pump. The jet of water will remove the tetranichidae from the leaves. Eliminate the leaves and the part of the bush that is infested is another advice to follow. A final indication is to encourage predatory insects like ladybugs that are greedy for plant mites.

Mites: Chemical remedies



If you do not have the desire or patience to use natural remedies you can fall back on chemical acaricides. Used with a spray a solution composed of water and insecticidal soap, it will manage infestations with great effectiveness. The main acaricides are plant protection products that act through different systems: by contact, by ingestion or by asphyxia. Some chemicals are also effective against mite eggs. In the main gardening stores there are specific products such as dicofol or bromopropylate, be careful to follow the manufacturer's instructions and not to carry out more than three operations on the plants per year, you risk damaging it severely! In winter, sulfur is also quite effective in its various formulations, both wettable and the more traditional in powder form.