How to water
White freesias are rustic plants and for this reason, they do not need frequent watering during the winter months. In fact, these plants are able to settle for only rainwater during the colder season. On the contrary, instead, it is good to proceed with regular wetting of the white freesias during the hot and sultry months. Whenever you intend to proceed with an irrigation anyway, it is good to check the substrate before proceeding. If it is still damp from the previous watering, it is not recommended to irrigate to avoid the formation of water stagnations. These stagnations, in fact, could lead to the submersion of the roots and consequently generate the root rot, one of the main causes of death of the plant. Towards the end of the summer months, wetting should be progressively decreased until it is completely suspended when the leaves turn yellow.
How to cure
As for the exposure of white freesias, it is good to place them in areas protected from the cold winter winds. The weather conditions of the most rigid months could easily ruin these plants. The white freesias they should be placed in areas where they can enjoy sunlight for at least a few hours a day. Direct sunlight strongly favors copious flowering. As far as multiplication is concerned, white freesias reproduce by seed in spring. During the autumn season these plants can also reproduce by separating the cloves which are then buried individually, creating rather deep holes. It is not necessary to proceed with pruning of white freesias, it is possible to carry out periodic removal of flowers or withered leaves.
How to fertilize
Regarding the fertilization of white freesias, it is possible to proceed for different months depending on the area where these plants are found. If they are grown in southern Italy, fertilization can take place between March and April, while in northern Italy it generally proceeds between July and September. The fertilizer to be used is a specific one for flowering plants that can be administered to white freesias in liquid form by diluting it with irrigation water in slightly lower doses than what is indicated on the package. The ideal soil to supply to the plant is soft and deep and, above all, very well drained in order to prevent the formation of water stagnation and root rot. The substrate can be added with sand and mature manure.
White freesias: Diseases and remedies
White freesias particularly fear a disease called fusariosis. This pathology is generated by the development on the plant of a fungal species called fusarium that causes the development of rot or that attack the vascular apparatus of white freesias. The effect they most commonly generate is a progressive withering of the plant itself up to bringing it to death if it is not properly treated. If this type of pathology is found, it is good to proceed with appropriate fungicides. In addition, white freesias can be affected by root rot if excessive wetting occurs. Root rot is one of the main causes of rapid death of white freesias and it is therefore widely recommended to check the substrate before proceeding with irrigation.