The myrobalan is also called rustic, due to its great ability to adapt. It is a plant that can survive and grow on all types of soil (wet, heavy, asphyxiated, clayey, calcareous ...), but its ideal habitat is a fresh, well-drained and deep soil. Indications for irrigation of myrobalan they relate exclusively to the specimens recently planted, because they have not yet perfectly developed the roots that will allow them to independently satisfy their own water needs. These specimens of young people mirabolani they need abundant doses of water until the fruit ripens. If there are high temperatures, 100 liters are needed every 15 days. Water doses therefore depend on the permeability of the soil and the climatic conditions, but regular watering operations must be carried out.
Myrobalan is a plant that needs sun; also expose it directly to the sun's rays, it will draw great nourishment from it. It adapts to various climatic conditions and can withstand even very cold winter temperatures, up to - 10 ° C. It can grow freely, without even needing pruning, at most they can be done to reduce the hair. In the latter case, the myrobalan must be pruned only after flowering, when the plant is adult. Intervene when it is not necessary could compromise flowering, causing a drastic reduction. Its multiplication takes place by seed and by vegetative parts. It is grown for different purposes: as an isolated bush, for ornamental purposes, as a windbreak hedge, or for fruit growing. In fact the myrobalan produces fruits, called amolos, which are globular, elliptical drupes, 2-3 cm in diameter. These small dark red or orange fruits have remarkable beneficial properties: they are rich in fiber, vitamin C and antioxidants. They can be eaten both raw and cooked, and are often used for jams.
The myrobalan is a plant that does not need abundant fertilization. The moment it is implanted, the soil must be nourished with granular fertilizer or manure. The myrobalan prefers animal manure, in fact every year or every two years - in the case of young and productive plants - mature manure of bovine or equine origin will be administered, approximately 10-15 kg. This operation will be carried out only after having adequately hoed the base of the myrobalan, avoiding involving the collar (ie the space between stem and root). In the case of adult specimens, 30-40 g per square meter of ammonium sulfate culture will be added, in order to feed the plant more. All fertilizing operations, whether carried out every year or every other year, will take place during the winter period.
Mirabolano: Diseases and treatments
Despite its remarkable resistance, the myrobalan can be affected by different types of parasites and diseases. A bacteriosis common to all Prunus species is the bacterial cancer of stone fruit. Its symptoms can be found in the leaf spots, or on the fruits with necrotic areas from the crack to the center. To prevent this bacterial cancer, first of all make sure that you do not place your own myrobalan in a soil where there have already been similar cases on other plants as well, and a copper-based product must be used. When the plants are struck, all the infected twigs must be burned, the fruits fallen on the ground, etc. in order to make the environment as healthy as possible. Another disease affecting myrobalan is leaf spot or cylindrosporosis, its etiological agent is a fungus of the genus Coccomyces spp. The leaves are spotted with a reddish brown color, which will eventually lead to the necrotizing of the leaves. This cryptogamic disease is easily eradicated with chemicals and the elimination of fallen leaves with fire.