How to water and care for Orchids
The Orchid is a wonderful plant that gives us fascinating flowers of different colors, but is very demanding to treat. During the watering of the Orchids it is necessary to follow some important precautions for the health of the plant itself. To avoid water stagnation, the plant must be sprayed twice a day (during the coolest hours of the day from sunlight), taking care not to soak the leaves, as excess water could cause serious illnesses (even mortals). It is advisable to always put a saucer, with moistened expanded clay inside, in this way the root system of the plant remains in contact with water, but it does not create a stagnation and at the same time the environment around the plant remains moist and favors its life cycle.
Ideal temperature for Orchids
Orchids, having tropical origins, love and need sun and warmth. They are very sensitive and fragile flowers, if the temperature is too low the plant tends to slow down the life cycle, on the contrary, if it is too high, breathing increases and the development of the plant is compromised, even causing serious damage to it. Optimal temperatures vary from species to species. The Oncidium, Miltonia, Odontoglossum, Cymbidium and Paphiapedilium Orchids are at ease with a maximum temperature of 27 ° and a minimum temperature of about 18 °. The Orchiedee Cattleya, Brossouda and Lelia are at ease with a maximum temperature of 30 ° and a minimum of 13 °. While the Phalanopsis and Vanda species have a correct life cycle at a maximum temperature of 32 ° and a minimum temperature of 15 °.
How to repot the Orchiedee
During the repotting of the Orchids, in order not to favor the root rot, it would be necessary to mix the soil with pieces of bark, sand or expanded clay, so that the irrigation water does not deposit in the bottom of the pot, as it can create serious diseases harmful to the plant. The Orchid should be repotted only if the pot is no longer suitable for the plant itself, when the soil is too moist and is in the process of maceration, or when it is infested with dangerous parasites or molds. Repotting should be done after flowering or at the beginning of the growing season. During the repotting operation, be very careful not to damage the plant's roots, therefore, do not strain if they do not come out of the pot, but immerse it half an hour in warm water or break it.
How to cure orchids: Possible Orchid diseases due to parasites
The orchid as we have already said before is a beautiful flower and eccentric but very delicate and to take care of at best. If on the leaves, there are brownish spots it means that they have been infested with cochineal or brown or cottony. First, the leaves must be disinfected with an alcohol wipe. In the event that the problem is not resolved, repotting should be done by thoroughly cleaning the roots of the plant. If the plant appears, instead, with necrotic spots, the leaves tend to yellow, the buds have no life cycle and the plant is sticky it is possible that the Orchid was infested with Aphids. These small pests must be fought quickly with specific pesticides, as they can quickly cause the plant to die.